infarction n : localized necrosis resulting from obstruction of the blood supply [syn: infarct]
In medicine, an infarction is the process resulting in a macroscopic area of necrotic tissue in some organ caused by loss of adequate blood supply. Supplying arteries may be blocked from within by some obstruction (e.g. a blood clot or fatty cholesterol deposit), or may be mechanically compressed or ruptured by trauma.
Infarction is commonly associated with atherosclerosis, where an atherosclerotic plaque ruptures, a thrombus forms on the surface occluding the blood flow and occasionally forming an embolus that occludes other blood vessels downstream. Infarction can also involve mechanical blockage of the blood supply, such as when part of the gut herniates or twists.
Infarctions are divided into two types according the amount of hemorrhaging present:
- White infarctions (anemic infarcts) affect solid organs such as the heart, spleen, and kidneys. The occlusion is most often composed of platelets, and the organ becomes white, or pale.
- Red infarctions (hemorrhagic infarcts), generally affecting the lungs. The occlusion consists more of red blood cells and fibrin strands.
Diseases commonly associated with infarctions include:
infarction in Czech: Infarkt
infarction in German: Infarkt
infarction in Estonian: Infarkt
infarction in Spanish: Infarto
infarction in French: Infarctus
infarction in Italian: Infarto
infarction in Hungarian: Infarktus
infarction in Dutch: Infarct
infarction in Japanese: 梗塞
infarction in Norwegian: Infarkt
infarction in Polish: Zawał
infarction in Portuguese: Infarto
infarction in Russian: Инфаркт
infarction in Albanian: Infarkti
infarction in Swedish: Infarkt
infarction in Vietnamese: Nhồi máu
infarction in Turkish: Enfarktüs
infarction in Urdu: احتِشاء
bar, barrier, blank wall, blind alley, blind gut, block, blockade, blockage, bottleneck, cecum, choking, choking off, clog, congestion, constipation, costiveness, cul-de-sac, dead end, embolism, embolus, gorge, impasse, impediment, infarct, jam, obstacle, obstipation, obstruction, sealing off, stop, stoppage, strangulation